Home / Ilm / TASHAKKULI FALSAFAI NOB DAR OLAMI ISLOM

TASHAKKULI FALSAFAI NOB DAR OLAMI ISLOM

Faylasufoni islomi haddi aqal ba se dasta taqsim meshavand: faylasufoni mashsho \ peripatetikho\ va faylasufoni ishroqi va ahli hayulo. Sardaftari falosifai mashshoiya Abuyusuf YAqub ibni Ishoq al-Kindi (vaf.261 kh.q.)va barjastatarin simoi on SHaykhurrais Abuali Ibn Sin(980-1037) va sardaftari falsafai ishroq SHaykh SHahobuddin Suhravardi va namoyandagoni maktabi hayulo Rovandi va Eronshahri ba shumor meravand.

Dar jahoni islom ba gayr az in se ravish boz se ravishi digarro niz ba falsafa nisbat medihand, ki bo nomi ravishhoi irfoni va kalomi va ismoili marufand, ki qablan dar faslhoi peshin az onho sukhan guftem. Hulosa dar olami islom ba gayr az maktabhoi falsafiyu dini maktabhoi kholisu sof falsafi niz ba vujud omadand va dar peshrafti falsafa naqshi bosazoe guzoshtaand.[1]

Payravoni maktabhoi falsafi dar qalamravi mamoliki islomi haddi aqal ba chahor dasta taqsim meshavand: faylasufoni mashshoi Peripatetikho\ va maktabi moddivu ilhodii «ahli hayulo» falsafi zavqiyu irfonii «ishroq» va hikma ti muta oliya.

Ahli hayulo (yo falsafai dahriya) az onhoe budaand, ki ravishi moddagaroi va ilhodi (inkori talimoti dini) doshtaand va payravoni on Abuhayoni Tavhidi, Ibni Rovandi (816/20-997/99) Abubakri Rozi (865­925) az zumrai ozodandeshoni zamoni khud budaand.[2]

[1]    Mo dar in kitob baroi peshgiri az takror va sarfajui dar hajmi kitob az tafsili orovu afkori faylasufoni mashshoi va digar maktabhoi sof falsafi asrhoi miyonai olami islom khuddori namuda, khonandagoni giromiro tavsiya va hidoyat mekunem, ki dar in mavrid ba tahqiqi nisbatan mufassalu mukammali Muso Dinorshoev dar kitobi yodshudai «Ocherkhoi tarikhi falsafa» va kitobi «Falsafa» qismi 1 murojiat kunand.

[2]    Mufassal nig.:M.Dinorshoev., Falsafai zamoni feodalizm. //dar kitobi «Ocherkhoi tarikhi falsafa. Dushanbe: Donish. 1982. S.29-36.

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

7_resize

DINI BAHOIYA

Bahoiya yake az junbishhoi mazhabii nimai duyumi asri XIX dar Eron ast, ki badan khudro …